This project has been closed and is no longer available.

This project has been closed and is no longer available.

Journal translation

Job Description

As used both in everyday language and in the literature
of occupational therapy, occupation is an ambiguous
term, This article defines occupation unambiguously
as the relationship between two things:
occupational form and occupational performance,
Each occupational form has an objective nature independent
of the individual engaged in the occupation;
sociocultural as well as physical characteristics
constitute each occupational form, Occupational
performance, in turn, is the action elicited, gUided,
or structured by the preexisting occupational form,
Although occupational form may be said to predict
or explain occupational performance, the nature of
occupation is not deterministic, A series offigures in
the paper graphically depicts how the individual's
interpretation of an occupational form (its meaning)
depends on the individual's developmental
structure, and how occupational performance depends
on the individual's sense ofpurpose, The dynamics
of occupation are such that occupational
performance impacts on subsequent occupational
forms and promotes adaptations in the individual's
own developmental structure, The framework explained
here can be applied to different levels of occupation,
depending upon the unit of time used by
the analyst, A table presents an extensive set of examples
oriented to a specific occupation. Recommendations
for future scholarly inquiry are made.